1. Ensure our animals are mentally and physically up to the tasks we are asking
2. Train our animal partners desired behaviors & tasks using OC until they are proficient in the performance of them.
3. Next train the cues (hand, body, verbal or other such as rein) that trigger the behavior (using Classical Conditioning). Once that happens, the response to a cue almost becomes automatic. You cue whoa, your horse stops.
4. Because, like us human animals, animal thinking and learning are influenced by emotions and distractions, we also need to teach them to ignore outside influences (distractions) and condition them to handle situations that could trigger fear or other stress reactions (using Systematic Desensitization or Counter Conditioning). For some animals, this is a bigger job than teaching the actual behaviors.
When these four approaches have been addressed, you will have an animal that reliably offers behaviors on cue.